WASHINGTON (RNS) The Affordable Care Act’s contraception mandate specifies women should be offered insurance coverage with no co-payment for all contraceptive methods approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
An FDA web site explains the four major methods of contraception and how they work.
Prevent fertilization by blocking sperm before it can reach the egg. Examples: Condoms, sponges, spermicides used with a diaphragm or a cervical cap.
Work by “interfering with ovulation and possibly fertilization.” Examples include a skin patch, the vaginal ring, two types of pills and a shot:
- The “combined pill,” the patch and the ring each have two hormones (estrogen and progestin) that combine to prevent ovulation, and may also prevent sperm from reaching the egg.
- A progestin-only “mini pill” acts to keep sperm from getting to the egg. Less often, it stops ovulation.
- A progestin shot stops ovulation or prevents sperm from reaching the egg.
Inserted in the body, an intrauterine device (known as an IUD) or a contraceptive rod with progestin, work by preventing sperm from reaching or fertilizing the egg, and may prevent implantation.
Used within three days of unprotected sex, they come in two major forms:
- Plan B, Plan B One-Step and Next Choice (levonorgestrel) work mainly by preventing ovulation, preventing fertilization, or by preventing implantation.
- Ella (ulipristal acetate) works primarily by stopping or delaying ovulation. It may also prevent implantation.
The post SIDEBAR: How FDA-approved contraceptive methods work appeared first on Religion News Service.
- John Lennon’s killer now believes “All You Need Is Love” - Aug 29, 2014
- Losing religion at college? New study flips the common wisdom - Aug 8, 2014
- Survey: Most Americans say U.S. should shelter, not rush to deport, child migrants - Aug 1, 2014
- Americans view Jews, Christians warmly; atheists, Muslims get cold shoulder - Jul 16, 2014
- Got religion on campus? Leave it off your resume - Jun 17, 2014
- Survey: Most Americans say fighting global poverty is futile - Apr 30, 2014
- Bible survey: Many Americans scramble their Scripture - Apr 25, 2014
- Science group, evangelicals push new collaboration - Feb 18, 2014
- SIDEBAR: How FDA-approved contraceptive methods work - Jan 29, 2014
- Baptism rates slide despite high-profile boosts - Oct 22, 2013