WASHINGTON (RNS) The Affordable Care Act’s contraception mandate specifies women should be offered insurance coverage with no co-payment for all contraceptive methods approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
An FDA web site explains the four major methods of contraception and how they work.
Prevent fertilization by blocking sperm before it can reach the egg. Examples: Condoms, sponges, spermicides used with a diaphragm or a cervical cap.
Work by “interfering with ovulation and possibly fertilization.” Examples include a skin patch, the vaginal ring, two types of pills and a shot:
- The “combined pill,” the patch and the ring each have two hormones (estrogen and progestin) that combine to prevent ovulation, and may also prevent sperm from reaching the egg.
- A progestin-only “mini pill” acts to keep sperm from getting to the egg. Less often, it stops ovulation.
- A progestin shot stops ovulation or prevents sperm from reaching the egg.
Inserted in the body, an intrauterine device (known as an IUD) or a contraceptive rod with progestin, work by preventing sperm from reaching or fertilizing the egg, and may prevent implantation.
Used within three days of unprotected sex, they come in two major forms:
- Plan B, Plan B One-Step and Next Choice (levonorgestrel) work mainly by preventing ovulation, preventing fertilization, or by preventing implantation.
- Ella (ulipristal acetate) works primarily by stopping or delaying ovulation. It may also prevent implantation.
The post SIDEBAR: How FDA-approved contraceptive methods work appeared first on Religion News Service.
- Obama: Defeating poverty takes money and ‘transformative power’ of faith groups - May 13, 2015
- Christians lose ground, ‘nones’ soar in new portrait of US religion - May 12, 2015
- The future map of religions reveals a world of change for Christians, Muslims and Jews - Apr 3, 2015
- Who’s watching all that Christian media? Christians, but not many others - Feb 25, 2015
- ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’ gets black marks from bishops, pastors - Feb 13, 2015
- Science vs. religion? There’s actually more of a three-way split - Jan 29, 2015
- What’s God got to do with football devotion? Plenty - Jan 22, 2015
- U.S. churchgoers still sit in segregated pews, and most are OK with that - Jan 19, 2015
- Faith and values in 2014: 10 telling numbers - Dec 31, 2014
- Billy Graham, Louis Zamperini and the two nights in 1949 that changed their lives - Dec 9, 2014